Mutual Funds

Investment Options: Mutual Funds stand out
Monthly Savings - What your savings may generate
Savings per month
(for 15 years)
Total amount invested
(Rs. in Lacs)
Rate of return(rupees in lacs, 15 years later)*
    6.0% 8.0% 10.0%
5000 9.0 14.6 17.4 20.9
4000 7.2 11.7 13.9 16.7
3000 5.4 8.8 10.4 12.5
2000 3.6 5.8 7.0 8.3
1000 1.8 2.9 3.5 4.2
*Monthly instalments, compounded monthly, for a 15-year period.

Mutual Funds are essentially investment vehicles where people with similar investment objective come together to pool their money and then invest accordingly. Each unit of any scheme represents the proportion of pool owned by the unit holder (investor). Appreciation or reduction in value of investments is reflected in net asset value (NAV) of the concerned scheme, which is declared by the fund from time to time. Mutual fund schemes are managed by respective Asset Management Companies (AMC). Different business groups/ financial institutions/ banks have sponsored these AMCs, either alone or in collaboration with reputed international firms. Several international funds like Alliance and Templeton are also operating independently in India. Many more international Mutual Fund giants are expected to come into Indian markets in the near future.

Mutual funds invest according to the underlying investment objective as specified at the time of launching a scheme. So, we have equity funds, debt funds, gilt funds and many others that cater to the different needs of the investor. The availability of these options makes them a good option. While equity funds can be as risky as the stock markets themselves, debt funds offer the kind of security that is aimed for at the time of making investments. Money market funds offer the liquidity that is desired by big investors who wish to park surplus funds for very short-term periods. Balance Funds acter to the investors having an appetite for risk greater than the debt funds but less than the equity funds. The only pertinent factor here is that the fund has to be selected keeping the risk profile of the investor in mind because the products listed above have different risks associated with them. So, while equity funds are a good bet for a long term, they may not find favour with corporates or High Networth Individuals (HNIs) who have short-term needs.